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This Children and Youth Funding Update offers a brief examination of the growth and distribution of foundation funding to improve the lives of children and youth from the mid-1990s through the beginning years of the new millennium. Between 1996 and 2001 U.S. grantmaking foundations directed an estimated $4.46 billion specifically to benefit children and youth in 2001, more than double the $2.09 billion reported for 1996. Growth in support for children and youth exceeded overall gains in giving in the last five years (113.0 percent vs. 109.3 percent). Adjusted for inflation, giving for children and youth rose by close to nine-tenths since 1996 -- up 87.7 percent or 13.4 percent per year. A strong economy, a booming stock market, and record levels of foundation creation contributed to dramatic growth in foundation giving overall between 1996 and 2000. Despite the stock market decline in late 2000, the onset of a recession in early 2001, and the 9/11 attacks, support for children and youth continued to grow through 2001. While grantmakers steadily increased the share of giving they provided to serve children and youth throughout the 1990s, funding by a few new and newly large foundations, such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (WA), David and Lucile Packard Foundation (CA), California Endowment (CA), and Ford Foundation (NY) helped to further boost giving in the first two years of the new century.
Summarizes a study of changes in the well-being of children and youth who moved from distressed public housing to lower-poverty areas, including safety, health, and behavior, by age and gender. Makes recommendations for relocation and support services.
Vera Institute of Justice;
Hundreds of thousands of unaccompanied children and youth from around the world have arrived in the United States over the past decade seeking protection from violence, persecution, war, and insecurity. Yet, their reception into the country has often led them into an immigration system characterized by systematic criminalization, a lack of transparency, and separation from their families. The reception system for children arriving to the United States needs to be reformed to demonstrate respect for their basic human dignity. In interviews and group discussions, Vera engaged with 32 young adults who were detained as unaccompanied minors by Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR). They shared their stories about navigating the complex U.S. immigration system. Drawing from their lived experience and expertise, they developed 10 proposals to reform the reception system for unaccompanied children and youth in a way that centers their freedom, safety, and family unity.
National Coalition for the Homeless;
This fact sheet examines the barriers to public education faced by homeless children and youth, the progress states have made in removing those barriers, and current policy issues.
Open Society Foundations;
The vast majority of trans youth around the world cannot obtain legal recognition of—or official documents that match—their gender identity. This means trans youth have to navigate sex-segregated situations with no formal documents that support their gender identity.This exposes trans youth to exclusion, discrimination, and abuse. Day-to-day impacts include being excluded from single-sex schools, and from gender-segregated activities such as sports teams or school camps. Often trans children and youth are prohibited from using school bathrooms that are appropriate for their gender identity, placing them at high risk of violence and bullying. This brief explains international human rights obligations and current recognition laws from across the world. It also examines key arguments made by those who opppose legal gender recognition for trans youth. It is the third of four resources for activists that accompany Open Society's 2014 report on legal gender recognition across the world, License to Be Yourself.
Wilder Research Center;
Wilder Research worked with MNCDHH to create a data-informed strategic plan for better supporting DeafBlind children and youth in Minnesota. This report presents the results of discussions with an advisory group and in-depth interviews with DeafBlind young adults, parents of DeafBlind children, and professionals.
King Baudouin Foundation;
This paper was developed in the context of the Trafficking Victims Re/integration Programme (TVRP), which funds NGO's in several countries of Southeastern Europe. It is the fifth of a series that aim to shed light on good practices in the area of re/integration as well as on important lessons learned.This paper addresses the issue of the re/integration of trafficked children and youth, drawing on the first hand experiences of service providers in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia and Serbia.Children and youth have become an increasing portion of persons being trafficked from and within the Balkan region. Some are exploited sexually, others are exploited for different forms of labour, including begging and street selling. This paper discusses each of the different services and types of support needed to meet the specific re/integration needs of trafficked children and youth in the light of international standards. It also looks into challenges facing service providers such as the identification of trafficked children, prosecution of perpetrators due to gaps in the criminal code as well as forster care.
National Center for Children in Poverty;
Examines inadequacies in current policy responses to children, youth, and families exposed to trauma. Includes best practices and recommendations for balancing knowledge of effective practices with the implementation of a coherent policy framework.
Chicago Coalition for the Homeless;
The obstacles facing homeless children and youth in securing a "free appropriate public education" are truly daunting. The frequent, often forced mobility of homeless families is a major barrier to maintaining their children's attendance at any particular school. The bureaucratic structure of school systems coupled with the multiple demands placed on the parents of homeless children is an additional--sometimes insurmountable--obstacle to school enrollment and attendance. Equally troubling is the prejudice homeless children and youth face in the systems that serve them; such bias often denies them the choices and opportunities afforded other children. This article is an in-depth look into the struggle to improve educational access for homeless children and youth in Chicago. Because Chicago's school system is both massive and bureaucratic, our hope is that the significant success achieved in Chicago through litigation and advocacy will inspire others to confront and work closely with the schools in their communities.
Healthcare Georgia Foundation;
Contains mission statement, board chair and president's message, 2005 highlights, program information, grants list and summary, financial statements, grant guidelines, lists of board members and staff, and tips for increasing children's physical activity.
Shares insights from a discussion on integrating evidence-based out-of-school time programs into community initiatives to improve outcomes for disadvantaged children. Outlines issues and the need for adaptable, data-driven programs with defined outcomes.
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation;
Examines current efforts by international organizations and local communities to aid children and youth living in internally displaced camps. Identifies programs to improve health care, education, economic activities, and justice and amnesty mechanisms.