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Centro de Filantropía e Inversiones Sociales de la Escuela de Gobierno de la Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez;
El presente estudio revisa la legislación de Chile en comparación con países con alto nivel de desarrollo de filantropía miembros de la OCDE y países de América Latina. A la luz del diagnóstico que existe respecto de las dificultades que plantea el marco legal chileno, disperso en múltiples legislaciones incongruentes entre ellas, este estudio permite comprender cómo estos diferentes países tratan elementos fundamentales de un marco legal que facilite el desarrollo de la filantropía. Así, en esta publicación es posible vislumbrar cómo los países han avanzado hacia marcos legales integrados en una Ley General de Filantropía, donde el criterio de bien público es central para determinar las instituciones donatarias y otorgar beneficios tributarios, donde se facilita la donación de la herencia y la constitución de endowments y donde la transparencia permite no sólo construir confianza entre los actores, sino también de cara a la opinión pública. El estudio revisa estos temas, destaca distintos casos y propone una serie de recomendaciones para modernizar el marco legal chileno, a partir de las lecciones derivadas del análisis comparativo tanto de países que cuentan con una práctica filantrópica robusta como de países de la región con un ethos histórico cultural y económico compartido.
Payments for ecosystem services programs have become common tools but most have failed to achieve wide-ranging conservation outcomes. The capacity for scale and impact increases when PES programs are designed through the lens of the potential participants, yet this has received little attention in research or practice. Our work with small-scale marine fisheries integrates the social science of PES programs and provides a framework for designing programs that focus a priori on scaling. In addition to payments, desirable non-monetary program attributes and ecological feedbacks attract a wider range of potential participants into PES programs, including those who have more negative attitudes and lower trust. Designing programs that draw individuals into participating in PES programs is likely the most strategic path to reaching scale. Research should engage in new models of participatory research to understand these dynamics and to design programs that explicitly integrate a broad range of needs, values, and modes of implementation.
Centro de filantropía e inversiones sociales;
Parte del Mapeo de Filantropía e Inversiones Sociales, este estudio caracteriza la filantropía que se canaliza a través de la estructura de fundaciones que cuentan con un gobierno y administración propia, y una fuente de recursos estables para destinar a inversión social. El estudio entrega datos sobre el tipo de fundaciones filantrópicas en Chile, sus inversiones, beneficiarios y prácticas de administración. El CEFIS UAI ha realizado este proyecto en colaboración con investigadores de Harvard Kennedy School, a través del Global Philanthropy Report, lo que permite contar con una perspectiva global de la filantropía institucional en Chile.
Encourage Capital has worked with support from Bloomberg Philanthropies and The Rockefeller Foundation to develop an impact-investing strategy supporting the implementation of sustainable fishing improvements in the distressed common hake fishery in Chile. The Merluza Strategy is a hypothetical $17.5 million impact investment to restore the hake fishery to its full biological and economic potential. The $17.5 million would fund the implementation of comprehensive fishery management improvements across the fishery, acquire 36% of the total fishing rights (or "quota") in the fishery, and create a new hake processing and distribution business incorporating jumbo squid products and sales. The Merluza Strategy targets the generation of a 16.4% base-case equity return with upside potential up to 35%, while simultaneously restoring hake stock to 75% of its biomass at Maximum Sustainable Yield (BMSY), generating $104 million in additional income for fishers divided among nearly 1,800 fishers across 12 caletas and delivering 136 million additional legal hake meals-to-market annually.
Encourage Capital has worked with support from Bloomberg Philanthropies and The Rockefeller Foundation to develop an impact investing strategy supporting the implementation of sustainable fishing improvements in a portfolio of small-scale, multispecies fisheries in Chile. The Mariscos Strategy is a hypothetical $7.0 million impact investment to protect seven small-scale fisheries along the Chilean coastline. The $7.0 million would fund the implementation of fisheries management improvements across the fisheries, and be used to expand an existing consumer packaged goods company producing gourmet "heat-and-eat" meals for Latin American consumers. The Mariscos Strategy is focused on generating an 11.1% base case equity return, while simultaneously protecting the multispecies stock biomass from current and future overfishing, enhancing almost 550 fisher livelihoods across seven fishing communities, and safeguarding the supply of over 5 million meals-to-market annually.
University College London (UCL) Press;
Based on 15 months of ethnographic research in the city of Alto Hospicio in northern Chile, this book describes how the residents use social media, and the consequences of this use in their daily lives. Nell Haynes argues that social media is a place where Alto Hospicio's residents – or Hospiceños – express their feelings of marginalisation that result from living in city far from the national capital, and with a notoriously low quality of life compared to other urban areas in Chile.In actively distancing themselves from residents in cities such as Santiago, Hospiceños identify as marginalised citizens, and express a new kind of social norm. Yet Haynes finds that by contrasting their own lived experiences with those of people in metropolitan areas, Hospiceños are strengthening their own sense of community and the sense of normativity that shapes their daily lives. This exciting conclusion is illustrated by the range of social media posts about personal relationships, politics and national citizenship, particularly on Facebook.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO);
WRI led the "Reefs at Risk Revisited" analysis in collaboration with a broad partnership of more than 25 research, conservation, and educational organizations. Partners have provided data, offered guidance on the analytical approach, contributed to the report, and served as critical reviewers of the maps and findings."
Over the last few decades, Chile has experienced rapid and sustained economic, social, and institutional development. Crucial challenges remain, however, in the form of social inequity, lack of opportunity, mistrust, and social unrest. The Chilean private sector is at an inflection point in its relationship with society. The corporate sector has both contributed to and benefited from the growth and development of the last decades, but remaining social challenges pose significant constraints to the continued growth of the private sector. High levels of mistrust regarding the role of business in society reflect a widespread belief that profit making activities are merely a demonstration of corporate greed. The Chilean private sector faces a frequently antagonistic relationship with government and civil society that will likely worsen unless companies are able to find ways to authentically link their businesses to efforts to solve Chile's social problems. On the other hand, if government and civil society conclude that the private sector has no contribution to make to the country's social and economic development strategy, Chile will squander an important engine for creating shared prosperity. The good news is that there does not need to be a trade-off between private sector competitiveness and greater prosperity for all Chileans. Shared value, a concept explained in Harvard Professor Michael Porter and Mark Kramer's Harvard Business Review articles, suggests an approach for companies to increase their competitiveness and profitability by helping to solve social problems. The public sector and civil society can increase the social benefits from shared value by thoughtfully partnering with the private sector
Centro Filantropia e Inversiones Sociales Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez;
Este primer estudio del Centro de Filantropía e Inversiones Sociales de la Escuela de Gobierno de la Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez (CEFIS) busca dar luces de las visiones, prácticas, carencias y potenciales que la práctica filantrópica tiene en nuestro país. Particularmente, desde la visión y experiencia de aquellos con capacidad de convertirse en agentes de donación, esto es, individuos de alto patrimonio y a la vez miembros de grupos controladores de los principales grupos empresariales del país. Se presente un extracto de los resultados de este primer estudio. Se espera que esta investigación del Centro de Filantropía e Inversiones Sociales contribuya a generar un debate informado sobre el potencial que tiene la filantropía como factor de desarrollo de la sociedad civil y la creación de hábitos sociales -como la colaboración, la confianza y la cohesión social-, necesarios para el fortalecimiento de una sociedad democrática.
Environmental Defense Fund;
Among the largest area-based catch share programs in the world, the Chilean National Benthic Resources Territorial Use Rights for Fishing Program (TURF Program) includes over 17,000 artisanal fishermen comanaging over 550 distinct areas along the coast. The voluntary system primarily manages loco, Chile's most valuable mollusc, and provides secure access to benthic resources to groups of artisanal fishermen. Management is built on science performed by universities and consultants, resulting in co-management by the government, industry and the private sector.
In most countries the state owns the water resources and the hydraulic infrastructure, and public officials decide who gets the water, how it is to be used, and how much will be charged for it. But costly inefficiencies in the supply and use of water support a shift from government provision to a market-based approach that is more effective and less wasteful Markets can allow rapid changes in allocation in response to changing demands for water and can stimulate investment and employment as investors are assured of access to secure supplies of water. Because of water's unique characteristics, such markets do not work everywhere; nor do they resolve all water-related issues. By designing appropriate water laws and regulations and by strengthening private and public institutions to administer them, formal water markets can effectively address rising demands for groundwater and for water found in rivers, lakes, and canals. Lessons from Chile's experience demonstrate that formal water markets can improve the economic efficiency of water use and stimulate investment.
Open Society Foundations;
The Mapping Digital Media project examines the global opportunities and risks created by the transition from traditional to digital media. Covering 60 countries, the project examines how these changes affect the core democratic service that any media system should provide: news about political, economic, and social affairs.Digital media have proliferated in Chile over the last five years. They have given impetus to a culture of openness and transparency that has been in development since the country's return to democracy in 1990. However, digitization of terrestrial broadcasting is yet to get off the ground, in spite of television's endurance as the dominant medium for news and information. Significant obstacles also remain in respect of pluralism and diversity, including ownership concentration and a persistent digital divide, neither of which have been helped by the global economic downturn.Overall, digitization has only partly impacted on the media landscape in Chile. It has neither altered the neoliberal trajectory of media policy, nor reduced high levels of ownership concentration and incumbent advantages. But there is, at the very least, a framework in place that will potentially open doors to new entrants in the digital terrestrial arena, as well as sustain the public service, local and community sectors. This will provide an important antidote to the digital divide which is likely to persist in terms of access quality, even after universal service is achieved. Whether this potential will be realized is, however, uncertain.