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Robina Institute of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice;
Alaska has had statutory sentencing guidelines in place since 1980, which have since been supplemented by appellate court decisions. Alaska briefly created a sentencing commission in 1990; it produced a final report in 1992 before its legislative mandate expired in 1993. Alaska felony defendants are sentenced to definite terms of imprisonment.Alaska's Constitution provides for a parole board; the statute that the current Board operates under was originallyenacted in 1985. Alaska law provides both discretionary parole for some inmates and mandatory parole for mostinmates serving a sentence of more than two years.
Violence Policy Center;
The U.S. Department of Justice has found that women are far more likely to be the victims of violent crimes committed by intimate partners than men, especially when a weapon is involved. Moreover, women are much more likely to be victimized at home than in any other place.This study provides a stark reminder that domestic violence and guns make a deadly combination. According to reports submitted to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), firearms are rarely used to kill criminals or stop crimes. Instead, they are all too often used to inflict harm on the very people they were intended to protect.
This GrantCraft case study, developed for Foundation Center's FundingtheOcean.org portal, explores how the Oak Foundation, a supporter of marine conservation in Alaska, responded when national policy lifted protections from Bristol Bay. It includes the perspective of one of it's grantees in the area, the Alaska Marine Conservation Council, and how they worked together locally to establish a campaign to continue protecting Bristol Bay.
W.K. Kellogg Foundation;
As the country becomes more diverse, schools that successfully engage all families will transform learning and leadership. This executive summary captures "takeways" from partnerships forged by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation (WKKF) to create environments where teachers, families and community members can effectively collaborate and share power.
University of Washington, School of Dentistry;
Dental Therapists have provided preventive and restorative dental care in Yukon Kuskokwim (YK) Delta communities since 2005. In this retrospective program evaluation, there were two goals: (1) to examine whether dental utilization rates in Alaska Native communities were associated with the number of Dental Therapist treatment days; and (2) to quantify differences in dental utilization rates between communities with no Dental Therapist treatment days versus communities with the highest number of Dental Therapist treatment days during the study period.
Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy (ITEP);
A new report commissioned by Rasmuson Foundation as part of its Plan4Alaska campaign finds that while strategies currently proposed to close Alaska's $4 billion budget gap would significantly improve the state's fiscal standing, a diversified revenue strategy is needed this year to close the gap and equitably distribute financial impact. Rasmuson Foundation commissioned the report in response to comments from lawmakers about the dearth of economic data available to gauge the impact of various revenue scenarios. "Distributional Analyses of Revenue Options for Alaska" was produced by the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy (ITEP), a nonprofit, non-partisan research organization with a mission to ensure that elected officials, the media, and the general public have access to accurate, timely, and straightforward information that allows them to understand the effects of current and proposed tax policies. ITEP used Gov. Bill Walker's Sustainable Alaska Plan in its analysis, and evaluated its proposed reductions to the Permanent Fund dividend, and income, alcohol, tobacco, and motor fuel tax increases to determine effects on Alaskans at different income levels. ITEP found that a fiscal plan that relied heavily on Permanent Fund earnings without income tax and other forms of taxation would disproportionately impact middle-income working families and low-income Alaskans. The report also examines a variety of options to derive more revenue from the income tax and less from reductions to the dividend. Among the alternative income tax structures examined are a doubling of the governor's proposed tax, the implementation of a more progressive income tax proposed by Rep. Paul Seaton in 2015, and the enactment of a 6.4 percent flat tax on incomes over $100,000 (or over $200,000 for married couples).
Corporation for Enterprise Development (CFED);
The Assets & Opportunity Scorecard is a comprehensive look at Americans' financial security today and their opportunities to create a more prosperous future. It assesses the 50 states and the District of Columbia on 130 outcome and policy measures, which describe how well residents are faring and what states are doing to help them build and protect assets. The Scorecard enables states to benchmark their outcomes and policies against other states in five issue areas: Financial Assets & Income, Businesses & Jobs, Housing & Homeownership, Health Care, and Education.
Public Education Network (PEN);
The PEN national office launched a 2005 No Child Left Behind (NCLB) online survey to follow up on the 2004 survey. The 2004 survey generated 12,000 responses and greatly influenced the recommendations in the "Open to the Public" report released in March 2005. PEN was particularly interested in reaching grassroots constituencies, but the voices of everyone -- including educators -- were counted.
Observed tradeoffs between monetary returns and fatality risk identify estimates of the valueof a statistical life (VSL), which inform public policy and quantify preferences for environmentalquality, health and safety. To date, few investigations have estimated the VSL associated withtradeoffs between returns from natural resource extraction activities and the fatality risks theyinvolve. Furthermore researchers have been unable to determine whether or not one's VSL is stableacross multiple decision environments using revealed preference methods. Understanding thesetradeoffs (and the VSL that they imply) may be used to inform resource management policy andsafety regulations, as well as our general understanding of the value of life. By modeling a commercial fishing captain's choice to fish or not, conditional on the observed risk, this research investigates these topics using data from the Alaskan red king crab and snow crab fisheries. Using weather conditions and policy variables as instruments, our estimates of the mean VSL range from $4.00M to $4.76M (depending on the modeling assumption and fishery analyzed) and are robust to the incorporation of heterogeneous preferences. Furthermore, given the unique nature of the data we are able to conduct an intra-vessel comparison of the VSL and conclude that for roughly 92% of thefishermen observed in the data set their VSL estimates are stable across both fisheries.
Alaska Arts Education Consortium;
In 2008 the Alaska State Council on the Arts collaborated with the Alaska Arts Education Consortium and the Alaska School Administrators Association to conduct a statewide, comprehensive survey to look what is happening with the arts in our schools. This first-of-its-kind study was designed to provide useful, baseline data to policy makers, district administrators, parents, teachers, University faculty, business leaders, arts advocates arts organizations and the Alaska community at large. This report dramatically illustrates that there is much to do, to ensure that the #1 goal for all Alaskan students - access to high quality arts experiences as a basic component of their K -- 12 education -- is truly met.
Environmental and Energy Study Institute;
The Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI) held a Congressional briefing on March 15, 2005 on the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) 1 and climate change impacts already observed in Alaska. The assessment, released in November 2004, is an intergovernmental report based on a four-year scientific study of the Arctic conducted by an international team of 300 scientists and sponsored by the eight arctic nations (Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States) and six indigenous people's organizations. It concludes that the average winter temperatures in Alaska and other arctic regions have increased by 4 to 7 degrees Fahrenheit (3-4 degrees Celsius) in the past 50 years, twice the rate of the rest of the globe, and are projected to continue rising for the next century. Alaska is being affected by climate change and experienced its warmest summer on record in 2004, characterized by its worst fire season, unprecedented insect outbreaks, and significant coastal erosion. The warming has caused a decline in summer sea ice extent and thickness, allowing seasonal storms to increasingly erode portions of the Alaskan coastline. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) estimates costs of $100-400 million to move a single endangered Alaskan village, with some 184 villages seen as susceptible to flooding and erosion.
University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute;
Why is there so much difference in the health of residents in one county compared to other counties in the same state? In this report, the County Health Rankings & Roadmaps program explores how wide gaps are throughout Alaska and what is driving those differences. This information can help Alaska state leaders as they identify ways for everyone to have a fair chance to lead the healthiest life possible. Specifically, this document can help state leaders understand: 1. What health gaps are and why they matter 2. The size and nature of the health gaps among boroughs/census areas within Alaska 3. What factors are influencing the health of residents, and 4. What state and local communities can do to address health gaps.