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Rockefeller Archive Center;
For the first time in 1943—at the height of the Japanese occupation of the Indonesian archipelago—Soekarno expressed the relationship between medicine and nation-building. He had foreseen, in the not-too-distant future when the country would proclaim its independence from colonial rule, that physicians would have a unique niche in Indonesian society —as advocates of the largely illiterate Indonesian masses. He envisioned that a physician would not only treat the sick, but also educate the public about preventative health measures such that Indonesia would become a strong and healthy nation. Eleven years later, President Ramon Magsaysay of the Philippines asserted in his first State of the Nation Address that no nation could go ahead if crippled by disease. These two vignettes attest to the centrality of public health in nation-building in postcolonial Indonesia and the Philippines.
In Asia, access to drinking water is a major issue because of the intrusion of saline groundwater in many areas. Water containing a high concentration of salts is unsuitable for human consumption. The situation is expected to get worse as a result of climate change. This report suggests the development of a 'road map' for scalable, low energy-input solutions for small-scale desalination.
Asian Venture Philanthropy Network (AVPN);
AVPN has identified the need for a comprehensive overview of the Asian philanthropy and social investment landscape to offer social investors a guide to the opportunities for social investment in Asia. The Social Investment Landscape in Asia will be an invaluable resource for funders and resource providers as they assess the opportunities and challenges for philanthropy and social investment in the region. It is designed to be a guide for both new social investors looking toenter the Asian market and existing social investors exploring cross-border or cross-sector opportunities within the region. The Landscape is another way to further AVPN's mission to increase the flow of financial, human and intellectual capital to the Asian social sector.
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation;
This report contains the findings and recommendations of the CSD Mid-Term Evaluation, following the successful completion of the Evaluation in late 2015.
Our approach and methodology followed the plan we submitted to the Foundation dated May 8, 2015. All of our evaluation objectives and plans have been met.
We conducted field work and carried out extensive interviews in CSD's priority regions of the Andes and the Great Lakes of East and Central Africa, and expanded the work conducted earlier in 2015 by a separate evaluation of the Greater Mekong region. We conducted desk reviews and interviews for CSD's Coastal and Marine, and Global portfolios. Our work also included discussions with Foundation Board members Jack Fuller and Paul Klingenstein, and with President Julia Stasch.
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation;
This report summarizes a portfolio evaluation of the MacArthur Foundation's conservation investments in the Lower Mekong region since 2011. It is explicitly a portfolio-level evaluation, focusing on common themes rather than individual grants. The evaluation involved understanding the portfolio context through reviewing relevant documents and speaking with donor partners; gathering data from MacArthur grantees; calibrating initial evaluation findings through consultations with independent regional experts and donor partner grantees; improving future evaluation ability by cooperating with NatureServe to improve the Lower Mekong Dashboard; and presenting results in this evaluation report and to MacArthur directly.
The world faces tremendous social and environmental problems. Despite global economic growth, 1.2 billion people still live in extreme poverty.1 More than 1.5 million children under five die from diseases that could be prevented by existing vaccines.2 One-fifth of the world's population faces water scarcity.3 More money will be needed to address these issues than philanthropic organizations and governments have at their disposal. Recognizing this challenge, they are seeking innovative ideas that leverage their resources. At the same time, private sector actors are bringing market-based solutions to the space, as they look to generate profits alongside social impact. Working together, these different actors can successfully deliver innovative, market-based solutions that address the problems facing poor and vulnerable people globally. An impact enterprise is one such promising solution. Impact enterprises are organizations that intentionally seek to grow and sustain financial viability, realize increasing social impact, and influence the broader system in which they operate.4 Collectively, they have the flexibility needed to adapt to the changing dynamics of problems and can deliver inventive and timely solutions.
Lien Centre for Social Innovation;
Explosive economic growth in South East Asia has resulted in unparalleled wealth creation. Forbes magazine reports there are 386 billionaires in the Asia Pacific region. While the region's emerging economies report hopeful signs of a broadening middle class, income inequality is rising faster than living standards for the majority. There is widespread agreement that the stark income disparity must be addressed or it risks threatening political and social stability. For those interested in the social economy, key questions remain unanswered: first, will philanthropic giving match the fast pace of wealth accumulation, and second, will that philanthropy be strategic and targeted enough to address the critical social issues of the day?
Where previous studies profiled the characteristics and motivations of Asia's wealthiest givers, this report examines the public policies influencing those charitable decisions to assess whether those policies are helping or hindering the growth of philanthropy. This study looks at four roaring economies: Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand.
Overall, this study finds the environment for philanthropy in the region to be quite challenging. Tax policies are either neutral or ineffective in incentivising philanthropy; opportunities for the charitably-minded to gain the skills necessary to address complex social problems are lacking; partnerships between civil society organisations and funders that enhance the capabilities of each other are rare; and the data that would assist the nascent field in quickly prototyping and innovating are non-existent and to some extent resisted.
Certainly the tide could change. South East Asia has demonstrated incredible resilience along the steep upward climb of development. Few would have predicted the achievements of the past few decades, and it is entirely possible that the charitable sector in this region will evolve in ways currently not imagined. The purpose of this study is simply to raise questions about the assumptions that underlie so many discussions about Asian charity, wealth, and economic stability. Will the newly wealthy deploy their incredible resources to solve entrenched social problems by becoming active participants in and financial supporters of the social economy? Does growth in the charitable sector automatically follow wealth creation? The data analysed for this report suggests the answer is, not necessarily
Carnegie Corporation of New York;
In 2007, a team of international security experts and researchers at the Henry L. Stimson Center launched an initiative to build an effective model for sustainable nonproliferation of biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons. The project represented an exciting and innovative way of thinking about security: a "dual-use" approach that operated at the nexus of the security and development communities. The team's ingenuity paid off. After less than six years, the Stimson Center is phasing out its involvement in the successful program, which will now be government funded. This paper shows how a novel idea, supported with modest grants from Carnegie Corporation, went on to secure millions in support from international sources, achieving real-world policy wins.
World Agroforestry Centre;
The Southeast Asia program first set about testing hypotheses applicable to each of the three ecosystem zones. On the forest margins, the hypothesis was that complex agroforests provided a superior alternative for small-scale farmers to either food-crop systems or monocultural plantations of perennials. As an alternative to slash and burn, complex agroforests increased production sustainability, increased biodiversity, reduced production risks and increased returns to labour compared to continuous food crops or monocultural plantations. The second hypothesis stated that rehabilitating Imperata grasslands with small-scale agroforestry systems would be superior to plantation reforestation in terms of production, equitability and participation. For hilly farmlands, the team hypothesised that there were several pathways to sustainable farming. Among these, contour hedgerow systems initiated through natural vegetative strips provided distinct advantages as a superior, least-cost foundation upon which to build agroforestry-based, conservation farming.
Impact Investment Shujog;
Shujog's Research provides an overview on the operational models, innovations, social impact, and market size and trends of the health sector in both South and Southeast Asia.
Impact Investment Shujog;
This report published by Shujog summarizes the market size, growth, trends, challenges, and social impact of Social Enterprises in the household energy services sector in Southeast Asia, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.
Impact Investment Shujog;
This report provides a brief insight on the value chain of the Social Enterprise (SE) vocational training sector in both South and Southeast Asia, highlighting the sector's social impact, innovation, sustainability, and market trends.