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Swiss Water & Sanitation Consortium;
Una Escuela Azul ofrece un entorno de aprendizaje saludable y expone a los alumnos a tecnologías y prácticas respetuosas con el medioambiente, que ellos pueden replicar en sus comunidades.
El Catálogo de Ejercicios Prácticos tiene como objetivo inspirar a los profesores con ejercicios prácticos y de bajo costo para complementar las lecciones del plan de estudios nacional. Los ejemplos proporcionados facilitan el aprendizaje de los alumnos mediante la práctica y pueden ser reproducidos en sus hogares y comunidades. Proporciona ejemplos de ejercicios prácticos para cada tema de la Guía de las Escuelas Azules:
1. El Medioambiente que Me Rodea2. El Ciclo del Agua3. La Cuenca alrededor de Mi Escuela4. Mi Agua Potable5. Saneamiento e Higiene6. Crecimiento y Cambio7. De la Tierra al Plato8. Transformando los Residuos en Recursos.
Para cada tema, se proporcionan secciones de información técnica para facilitar la comprensión de los conceptos básicos claves. Cada tema incluye una selección de actividades de aprendizaje, participativas o creativas, discusiones,demostraciones, juegos y experimentos, todos los cuales requieren material sencillo, a bajo costo o sin costo alguno. Los ejercicios prácticos tienen como finalidad ayudar a alcanzar los objetivos claves de aprendizaje definidos en laprimera página de cada tema. Se indica el nivel de dificultad de cada ejercicio; dependiendo de la clase y del grupo de edad, los profesores pueden seleccionar las actividades más apropiadas y los estudiantes pueden profundizar susconocimientos sobre estos temas de año en año.
Este catálogo es una compilación de referencias de la comunidad de práctica de WASH en Escuelas (WINS), así como de otros sectores relacionados con los temas de las Escuelas Azules. Puede evolucionar: Las futuras ediciones de esteCatálogo beneficiarán de los aportes y comentarios de usuarios y expertos de todo el mundo. El formulario de retroalimentación está disponible en el sitio web del Consorcio Suizo de Agua y Saneamiento:
Se invita a los usuarios de este documento a que consulten también los otros materiales del Kit Escuelas Azules, es decir, la Reseña Conceptual, la Guía del Facilitador y el Catálogo de Tecnologías. Estos documentos pueden serdescargados en el sitio web del Consorcio Suizo de Agua y Saneamiento.
Swiss Water & Sanitation Consortium;
A Blue School offers a healthy learning environment and exposes students to environmentally-friendly technologies and practices that can be replicated in their communities. It inspires students to be change agents in their communities and builds the next generation of WASH and environment sector champions.
The Facilitator's Guide is designed to provide a visual support for teachers to introduce or strengthen the Blue Schools topics to students – including overlooked topics such as gender, menstrual hygiene management and transformation of solid waste into resources.
It follows the 8 topics of the Blue Schools Kit:* 1. My Surrounding Environment* 2. The Water Cycle* 3. The Watershed around My School* 4. My Drinking Water* 5. Sanitation and Hygiene* 6. Growth and Change* 7. From Soil to Food* 8. From Waste to Resources
For each topic, it suggests learning objectives, questions for discussion and examples of practical exercises. Images should be adapted to the local context and culture as appropriate.
The full description of the practical exercises, how to implement it and picture sources, as well as technical background sections on each topic are found in the Catalogue of Practical Exercises.
Users of this document are also encouraged to refer to the other materials of the Blue Schools Kit i.e. the Catalogue of Practical Exercises, the Concept Brief and the Catalogue of Technologies.
Swiss Water & Sanitation Consortium;
A Blue School offers a healthy learning environment and exposes students to environmentally-friendly technologies and practices that can be replicated in their communities. It inspires students to be change agents in their communities and builds the next generation of WASH and environment sector champions.The Catalogue of Practical Exercises aims to inspire teachers with hand-on and low cost exercises to complement the lessons from the national curriculum. The examples provided facilitate students' learning by doing and can be replicated in the students' home and in their communities.It provides examples of practical exercises for each topic of the Blue Schools Kit:1. My Surrounding Environment2. The Water Cycle3. The Watershed around My School4. My Drinking Water5. Sanitation and Hygiene6. Growth and Change7. From Soil to Food8. From Waste to Resources.For each topic, technical background sections are provided to facilitate understanding of basic key concepts. Each topic includes a selection of teaching, participatory or creative activities, discussions, demonstrations, games, and experiments, all requiring simple material at little to no cost. The practical exercises aim to help reaching the key learning objectives defined in each topic's first page. The level of difficulty for each exercise is indicated; depending on the class and age group, teachers can select the most appropriate activities and students can deepen their knowledge on these topics from year to year.This catalogue is a compilation of references from the WASH in School (WINS) community of practice as well as other sectors related to the Blue Schools' topics. It can evolve: Future editions of this Catalogue will benefit from inputs and feedback from users and experts from around the world. Feedback form available on the Swiss Water and Sanitation Consortium website: http://waterconsortium.ch/blueschool/Users of this document are also encouraged to refer to the other materials of the Blue Schools Kit i.e. the Concept Brief, the Facilitator's Guide and the Catalogue of Technologies. These can be downloaded on the Swiss Water and Sanitation website.
University of Central Asia;
This report examines the current state of philanthropic activity in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. While there is a growing body of research on Central Asia's non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the development of the so-called 'third sector', little formal research is available on the culture and practice of philanthropy and charity in the region. The existing literature demonstrates that charitable activities in these countries take a number of forms, ranging from smallscale volunteer initiatives to nationwide campaigns supported by the private sector.
Rockefeller Archive Center;
This project examines the development of American humanitarianism in the era of the world wars. It explores how, in the absence of state power, private citizens often filled the void. Their activities expand the common definition of diplomacy by noting myriad ways private organizations and individuals, including the Rockefeller Foundation and its partners, attempted to influence the direction of American foreign relations. The primary argument here is to demonstrate that American citizens, who grew frustrated at the lack of government involvement in world affairs during the first-half of the twentieth century, sought to insert themselves into positions of power and influence. This project shows that, in the absence of the state, many American individuals and NGOs formed partnerships and coordinated their humanitarian activities on a global scale. In specific ways, they undertook the roles and strategies of foreign policy professionals: stationing professionals in foreign offices, raising and appropriating large sums of money, providing food and medicine, coordinating the mass migration of refugees, and negotiating with foreign governments. By doing so, they acted as "shadow diplomats" – working as a shadow government in opposition to the recognized state authority, but also working in the shadows, away from most public attention and scrutiny, because they reasoned that quiet actions would produce the desired results.
This report examines grantmaking in 2014 and 2015 for Latin America by large U.S.foundations, with a closer look at philanthropy for Central America.
Rockefeller Archive Center;
When the Ford Foundation entered India in 1951, its focus was overwhelmingly rural. As its presence expanded over time, it branched out to other areas such as education and culture, small-scale industrial development, manpower and management, population control and family planning, and technical training. Historians of development and U.S. foreign relations have over the past decade explored various facets of the foundation's activities in India. However, thus far, its role in the urban sphere in India and perhaps even globally has not received much scholarly attention. I began my research at the Rockefeller Archive Center in September 2017, with the intention of studying a very specific urban project in India: the Ford Foundation's planning assistance to Calcutta (now Kolkata) from 1961 to 1974, then India's largest and industrially most important city. Given the lack of secondary references on this topic, I came in with some basic questions. 1) Why did the Ford Foundation get involved in Calcutta's urban renewal project? 2) What was the nature of the Foundation's involvement? More specifically, was it a grant for training or simply a planning program? At that stage in my dissertation research, I had hoped to have a chapter on the Ford Foundation and use it as a contrast to study the response of locally-based Indian and British businesses to Calcutta's civic and infrastructural problems, which had started to make international headlines by the late 1950s. In fact, my main focus was on Calcutta's businesses. However, as I will chart out in this report, the archival materials at the RAC persuaded me to reorient and broaden my core research questions and framework.
American Institutes for Research;
American Institutes for Research (AIR) conducted this study as part of the Student-Centered Learning Research Collaborative's initial cycle of research. The team at AIR worked alongside fellow scholars, educators, and policymakers to investigate the impact of specific student-centered practices and then translate their findings for cross-sector audiences.
The research questions investigated in this study are:
What practices do teachers employ to provide feedback to students on their performance that assist with the development of student agency?
What contextual factors do teachers view as facilitators of or challenges to implementing these practices?
How well do student survey questions measure student agency?
Were the measurement properties of the agency scales consistent over time and across student subgroups?
Are there significant subgroup differences in measures of student agency?
How does student agency change during the school year?
Do changes in student agency during the school year differ between subgroups of students?
How do teachers use data to inform their practices?
This report represents their work over the past two years as they designed, tested, and revised teacher practices as part of a networked improvement community and examined how student agency impacted academic outcomes.
There is a complex ecosystem of organizations working to enable, strengthen, and evolve the work of philanthropy, nonprofits, and civil society around the world. From communities of practice that build skills and encourage collaboration to data and research that inform solutions and foster transparency, these organizations provide a much-needed backbone for work on our most critical global challenges. New research from Foundation Center aims to map the composition of and support for this ecosystem of infrastructure organizations so that we can better align and improve efforts to build a better future.
American Institutes for Research;
Personalized learning is often equated with individual learning using technology. Yet for many students, learning on their own may not effectively meet their needs. The aim of this study was to explore racial differences in experiences and benefits associated with collaboration. We collected data from a variety of sources for students, teachers, and classrooms within four racially diverse high schools that emphasized both personalization and collaboration. Our sample included 892 students, 138 teachers, and 30 classrooms. Our qualitative analyses identified emergent themes from focus groups and interviews, and our quantitative analyses examined associations among opportunities for collaboration, classroom experiences, and outcomes, testing whether these associations differed forBlack students versus White students. We found that, for all students, reports of high-quality collaboration were strongly associated with positive classroom experiences and mind-set/ dispositional outcomes such as motivation, engagement, and self-efficacy. Moreover, high-quality collaboration was strongly associated with students' perceptions of personalization—and personalization, in turn, was strongly associated with outcomes. At the same time, focus group discussions revealed that Black students perceived less relevance in collaborative activities, more frequent experiences of exclusion and marginalization, and lower support from teachers during collaborative group work than did non-Black peers. Findings from this study suggest that collaborative experiences could be among the factors that contribute to positive changes in the academic trajectories of Black students, particularly when these opportunities reflect high-quality features. Thus, schools and educators aiming to address equity through personalization should consider increasing opportunities for high-quality collaboration.
Frontiers in Marine Science;
The Paris Agreement target of limiting global surface warming to 1.5–2∘C compared to pre-industrial levels by 2100 will still heavily impact the ocean. While ambitious mitigation and adaptation are both needed, the ocean provides major opportunities for action to reduce climate change globally and its impacts on vital ecosystems and ecosystem services. A comprehensive and systematic assessment of 13 global- and local-scale, ocean-based measures was performed to help steer the development and implementation of technologies and actions toward a sustainable outcome. We show that (1) all measures have tradeoffs and multiple criteria must be used for a comprehensive assessment of their potential, (2) greatest benefit is derived by combining global and local solutions, some of which could be implemented or scaled-up immediately, (3) some measures are too uncertain to be recommended yet, (4) political consistency must be achieved through effective cross-scale governance mechanisms, (5) scientific effort must focus on effectiveness, co-benefits, disbenefits, and costs of poorly tested as well as new and emerging measures.
This is the tenth Grants in Australia research report. This survey-based resource for Australian grantmakers and grantseekers has been produced regularly since 2006, and is the biggest of its type in Australia. An output of Our Community's Innovation Lab, the report is part of an ongoing research project that charts the development of the field of grantmaking from the grantseeking community's perspective. The goal of this report is to create a snapshot of grantmaking in Australia, to examine developing trends in the field, and to inspire and enable more successful grantseeking and better grantmaking.