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UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs;
Outlines the challenges of and recommendations for creating an effective interface between humanitarian groups and volunteer and technical communities aggregating, visualizing, and analyzing data on and from affected communities to support relief efforts.
Napa Valley Community Foundation;
One year ago today, we were deeply shaken by a powerful earthquake. Hundreds of homes and businesses were damaged in the largest seismic event the Bay Area has seen since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, mostly in and around the City of Napa. More than 250 people were injured; almost 20 were admitted to the hospital; and one person regrettably lost her life as a result of the 6.0 temblor.
In the following pages, you can read about what's been accomplished so far, and how we've spent the monies entrusted to us. You can also learn about our plans for a final phase of grants, covering two broad categories: funding to help qualified homeowners make earthquake-related repairs if their dwellings remain unsafe; and funding to make the community at large more resilient in the event of a future disaster.
Finally, we have included a brief reflection on what worked well, and what could be better next time. In this area especially, we welcome your comments, ideas and constructive feedback.
American Red Cross;
Aerial drones are one of the most promising and powerful new technologies to improve disaster response and relief operations. Drones naturally complement traditional manned relief operations by helping to ensure that operations can be conducted safer, faster, and more efficiently. When a disaster occurs, drones may be used to provide relief workers with better situational awareness, locate survivors amidst the rubble, perform structural analysis of damaged infrastructure, deliver needed supplies and equipment, evacuate casualties, and help extinguish fires -- among many other potential applications.
This report will discuss how drones and the aerial data they collect can be used before, during, and after a disaster. It includes an overview of potential solutions and deployment models, as well as, recommendations on removing regulatory barriers to their use. The American Red Cross, leading private sector companies, and federal agencies coordinated by Measure, a 32 Advisors Company, have come together to explore and explain how and why drones should be used in the wake of natural disasters and other emergencies that threaten widespread loss of life and property.
Center for Technology Innovation at Brookings Institute;
With its growing usage, mobile technology is greatly improving disaster relief and public safety efforts. Countries around the world face threats from natural disasters, climate change, civil unrest, terrorist attacks, and criminal activities, among others. Mobile devices, tablets, and smart phones enable emergency providers and the general public to manage these challenges and mitigate public safety concerns.
In this paper, part of the Brookings Mobile Economy Project, we focus on how mobile technology provides an early warning system, aids in emergency coordination, and improves public communications. In particular, we review how mobile devices assist with public safety, disaster planning, and crisis response. We explain how these devices are instrumental in the design and functioning of integrated, multi-layered communications networks. We demonstrate how they have helped save lives and ameliorate human suffering throughout the world.
Provides a brief overview of elements of disaster response and preparedness, including fund distribution, donor confidence, preparedness and mitigation, and philanthropic planning; innovative initiatives; and challenges. Lists considerations for donors.
Examines the potential impact of climate change, including more disasters, economic stress, and social pressures, with respect to civilian and military response efforts. Calls for a coherent government approach and a strategic emphasis on long-term effect
Pew Internet & American Life Project;
Presents survey findings about giving online or by cellphone, as opposed to by phone, mail, or in person, to relief efforts after the earthquake and tsunami in Japan. Compares data with giving after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and by age and education.
New York Regional Association of Grantmakers;
Lists nonprofits involved in Gulf Coast relief and recovery that have received grants from NYRAG members, with descriptions, previous funders, funding date, and contact information. Includes key indicators of recovery two years after Hurricane Katrina.
SDG Philanthropy Platform;
This paper calls on the philanthropic community to take advantage of the opportunity offered by the first World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) in Istanbul in May 2016 to make important changes in the way it contributes its share of the global response to humanitarian crises. In Section 1, the paper looks at the challenges shared by all who contribute, including the philanthropy sector. Section 2 discusses philanthropy's current contributions and potential, including some of its shortcomings. Section 3 examines how the Summit is setting the stage for change -- change for which philanthropy can be a greater part. Section 4 concludes the paper with a set of actionable recommendations for how philanthropy's contribution to humanitarian crises can be greatly improved.
Network for Good;
Impulse on the Internet: How Crisis Compels Donors to Give Online.
Online giving is growing exponentially per year, from just over half a billion dollars in 2000 to more than $4.5 billion in 2005 (source: ePhilanthropy Foundation), however it still represents a relatively small percentage of total charitable giving.
The notable exception is giving in response to humanitarian crises, when the Internet is becoming donors' avenue of choice.
The Chronicle of Philanthropy has noted that Internet donations for the 2004 South Asian tsunami relief accounted for more than one-third of the total raised - more than twice the proportion of online gifts in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.
After Hurricane Katrina, half of relief giving was online, representing the largest outpouring of donations online in history.
Marking the one-year anniversary of that disaster, Network for Good made this study of the recent, large-scale humanitarian emergencies that promoted massive online donations in order to analyze:
- Why donors give online
- How donors give online: their giving behaviors
- Implications for nonprofits seeking to fundraise online.
Global Humanitarian Assistance;
The gap between humanitarian need and humanitarian funding is growing.
The aim of this report is to shed some light on the purpose, scale and potential of Zakat for financing humanitarian response. It will provide a basis on which to open up discussions around how that potential might be maximised -- both by increasing the overall volume of Zakat collected and improving the mechanisms available to channel Zakat to the humanitarian response.
It outlines some of the key barriers to increasing humanitarian funding available through Zakat and to improving the way in which it is channelled to support the humanitarian response. It also offers some recommendations for humanitarian donors and agencies, and those responsible for collecting and distributing Zakat.
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF);
This report discusses the current humanitarian situation in Nepal. Three months after the two major earthquakes affected 2.8 million Nepalese lives, 1.1 million children are still in need of vital humanitarian assistance. Three months after the devastating earthquakes of 25 April and 12 May which struck Nepal, the overall humanitarian situation has improved. The frequency of aftershocks has decreased and several countries have lifted their travel restrictions to Nepal. On 22 June, the Government of Nepal also declared an end to the emergency phase and a shift from humanitarian response to recovery. These recovery and reconstruction efforts are guided by the findings of the Government-led Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) and supported by the International Conference on Nepal's Reconstruction on 25 June where the international community pledged two-thirds ($4.4 billion) of the $6.7 billion appeal by the Government. The total financial losses from the earthquakes is estimated as $7.06 billion according to the PDNA findings.
Despite these advancements, over 5.2 million people live in the 31 districts that have been affected out of which 2.8 million people who live in the 14 most affected districts are still in need of vital humanitarian assistance1. Of this population, an estimated 1.1 million (40 percent) are children. Shelter, food and livelihood support, medical care, sanitation and hygiene, education, nutrition supplements and protection remain as key humanitarian needs. As of mid-July, the number of casualties reached 8,8972 people of which 30 per cent are children3, and 22,310 people have been injured.
The situation is projected to worsen with the impact from the monsoon which began mid-June. The heavy monsoon rains will add complexities to the existing needs and to the already challenging logistical access to remote districts, potentially delaying the post-earthquake recovery process. Indeed an estimated 90 per cent of the earthquake-affected population is living in areas which are at high risk of landslides and floods. Over 5,600 landslides were observed after the 25 April earthquake, which is much higher than the total number of landslides reported in the past five years combined.