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The underground commercial sex economy (UCSE) generates millions of dollars annually, yet investigation and data collection remain under resourced. Our study aimed to unveil the scale of the UCSE in eight major US cities. Across cities, the UCSE's worth was estimated between $39.9 and $290 million in 2007, but decreased since 2003 in all but two cities. Interviews with pimps, traffickers, sex workers, child pornographers, and law enforcement revealed the dynamics central to the underground commercial sex trade -- and shaped the policy suggestions to combat it.
Analyzes the correlation between a school's effectiveness as measured by student achievement value-add and its ability to recruit, retain, and develop high-quality teachers and remove others, with a focus on the principal's leadership effectiveness.
Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS);
In 1997, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) reviewed evidence of the effectiveness of HIV prevention programs for injection drug users (IDUs) and recommended that three types of
interventions be implemented to prevent transmission of HIV among IDUs: 1) community-based outreach, 2) expanded syringe access (including needle exchange programs [NEP] and pharmacy sales), and 3) drug treatment. Progress on increasing the acceptance and feasibility of implementing these programs has been made at the national level, but their implementation has been varied at the local level.
Understanding the conditions under which communities accept and implement interventions can help guide effective strategies to foster the implementation of these interventions in areas where programs do not currently exist.
Based on interviews, examines the effects of the arrest, detention, and/or deportation of undocumented parents on their children, including changes in behavior, food sufficiency, and housing. Explores community responses. Makes policy recommendations.
Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University;
Presents a case study of community organizing for school reform by Miami's People Acting for Community Together: how its campaign for a new literacy program shaped leadership development, district-level policy, school-level capacity, and student outcomes.
Presents findings from the National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership's community-level data analysis on services that improve physical and mental health, family stability, and neighborhood environments to foster collaboration for school readiness.
Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation;
Presents findings from a survey that examines the enrollment decisions, experiences, and future concerns related to the prescription drug coverage of beneficiaries with the new Medicare prescription drug benefit. Part of a series of interviews.
Based on interviews and focus groups, assesses how best to connect parents with teachers and communities to support early learning. Examines barriers to parental engagement and challenges for community based organizations (CBOs) and educators. Lists CBOs.
John S. and James L. Knight Foundation;
Presents baseline findings of the Immigrant Participation and Immigration Reform, an evaluation and peer learning effort to document outcomes and progress among grantees, including immigrants' civic participation, organizational capacity, and networking.
Center for Studying Health System Change;
Examines six communities' efforts to build surge healthcare capacities to respond to terrorist attacks, epidemics, and natural and manmade disasters; the needed components and funding; and the effects of the restrictions and decline in federal funds.
John S. and James L. Knight Foundation;
Evaluates the impact of a program that provided home Internet access to low-income families on their economic and social outcomes, including employment, education, access to financial services and health care, and civic participation.
Center for Neighborhood Technology;
This report examines the impacts of transportation spending on households in the 28 metro areas for which the federal government collects expenditure data and of rising gas prices on both households and regional economies. It finds that households in regions that have invested in public transportation reap financial benefits from having access to affordable mobility options, even as gas prices rise, and that regions with public transit are losing less per household from the increase in gas prices than those without transit options.